Folk Songs, Slovenia - Austrian Carinthia
Melodies of folk songs, folk traditions of the Austrian Carinthia (German: Kärnten, Slovene: Koroška) is the southernmost Austrian state or Land. Carinthian Slovene dialects, forms of a South Slavic language that predominated in the southeastern part of the region up to the first half of the 20th century. The Carinthian lands are confined by mountain ranges: on the south, the Carnic Alps and the Karawanks form the border to the Italy and Slovenia.
Folk song has
been transmitted through oral tradition in the past and only through
the last few centuries through transcriptions. In the distant past, folk
song experienced various changes, which are reflected in differences in
melodies, content, rhythm and the like.
Depending on the content of a folk song it could be divided into: narrative, historical, love, wedding, status (single, marital, work, profession, ...), children's, obituary, military, drinking and toast songs, dance, carols, religious, songs about nature, humorous, homeland and other songs.
Even rhythmic lyrics are part of a folk song: counting(-out) rhymes, questionning songs, lullabies, spells,, word games, courting verses and the like. Folk song was performed (sang and played,even today) individually (solo), in a group, with and without instrumental accompaniment.
Even today, folk songs are still being created: art music (author's music with known authors) that are widely accepted and performed become popular (music & verses alike) over time.