ALARCÓN Pedro Antonio de
ALARCÓN Pedro Antonio de, y Ariza (10 March 1833 – 19 July 1891) was a nineteenth-century Spanish novelist, known best for his novel El sombrero de tres picos (1874), an adaptation of popular traditions which provides a description of village life in Alarcón's native region of Andalusia. It was the basis for Hugo Wolf's opera Der Corregidor (1897) and Manuel de Falla's ballet El sombrero de tres picos / The Three-Cornered Hat (1919).
Alarcón wrote another popular short novel, El capitán Veneno [es] ('Captain Poison', 1881). He produced four other full-length novels. One of these novels, El escándalo ('The Scandal', 1875), became noted for its keen psychological insights. Alarcón also wrote three travel books and many short stories and essays. The other novel was "El niño de la bola" / The Infant with the Globe / Das Kind mit der Weltkugel , a source for a libretto written by Hoernes for Wolf's unfinished opera "Manuel Venegas" (1897).
Alarcón was born in Guadix, near Granada. In 1859, he served in a Spanish military operation in Morocco. He gained his first literary recognition with Diary of a Witness to the African War (1859–1860), a patriotic account of the campaign.