Folk Songs, Slovenia - Slavia Friulana
Melodies of folk songs, folk traditions of the Slavia Friulana, which means Friulian Slavia (or Beneška Slovenija in Slovenian).It is a small mountainous region in northeastern Italy and it is so called because of its Slavic population which settled here in the 8th century AD. The territory is located in the Italian region of Friuli Venezia Giulia, between the town of Cividale del Friuli and the Slovenian border.
Valley dialect (nadiško narečje) is a Slovene dialect in the Littoral
dialect group, spoken in Italy, in Venetian Slovenia along the Natisone
River, bounded by the Torre Valley dialect to the northwest, the Gorizia
Hills dialect to the southeast, and the Soča dialect to the northeast.
Folk song has
been transmitted through oral tradition in the past and only through
the last few centuries through transcriptions. In the distant past, folk
song experienced various changes, which are reflected in differences in
melodies, content, rhythm and the like.
Depending on the content of a folk song it could be divided into: narrative, historical, love, wedding, status (single, marital, work, profession, ...), children's, obituary, military, drinking and toast songs, dance, carols, religious, songs about nature, humorous, homeland and other songs.
Even rhythmic lyrics are part of a folk song: counting(-out) rhymes, questionning songs, lullabies, spells,, word games, courting verses and the like. Folk song was performed (sang and played,even today) individually (solo), in a group, with and without instrumental accompaniment.
Even today, folk songs are still being created: art music (author's music with known authors) that are widely accepted and performed become popular (music & verses alike) over time.